Rhinoplasty, also called a nose job, is a surgical procedure that involves correction of any defects of the nose. In this article, we shall take a brief look at this procedure and its clinical indications.
What is rhinoplasty?
Rhinoplasty is a surgical procedure that involves correction and reconstruction of any anatomical defects of the nose.
Rhinoplasty can be indicated in a number of different clinical scenarios. One of the primary reasons why people undergo rhinoplasty is because they are not satisfied with the shape of their nose. In other words, they wish to undergo rhinoplasty for cosmetic reasons.
In addition, there are certain conditions that affect the nose that can result in clinical symptoms such as nasal congestion and breathing difficulties. In such patients, rhinoplasty can help improve the flow of air through the nostrils and can restore normal breathing.
Rhinoplasty is performed under general anaesthesia or local anaesthesia. Many a times, it can be performed as a day care procedure, though those patients undergoing general anaesthesia may require overnight stay. Once a plan of management has been drawn out as to what shape of the nose the patient would like, surgery is commenced. Excess cartilage may be removed and repositioned in order to reshape the nose. The procedure can take a few hours to perform and once it has concluded, a splint is placed upon the nose to hold the structures in place. The splint will remain in place until the nose has healed reasonably well.
Following the surgery, the patient is observed for a period of time in hospital and discharged home.
After the procedure
Patients may notice a small amount of swelling around the area of surgery and around the eyes following the procedure. This is normal and resolves in a few days. Some patients apply cold compresses on the area to help relieve the symptoms. Painkillers may be required. In essence, it can take up to 2 weeks for a complete recovery, though it may take a lot longer in some patients.
Rhinoplasty brings with it a large number of benefits, most of which are cosmetic. Patients find that they have a new level of confidence and this has to do with just the shape of the nose. Patients who have had trouble breathing prior to surgery will find that they now have no problems with it whatsoever.
A small amount of bleeding, bruising and swelling is to be expected. In some cases, patients are not satisfied with their appearance but must remember that once the procedure has concluded, it cannot be immediately reversed.
In the rare cases, there may be skin necrosis and infection which will require treatment. A small hole may develop in the cartilage that separates the nostrils, though this is rare.
Rhinoplasty cosmetic surgery is performed for a number of different indications. Outcomes are good and complication rates are low.Read More